Saturday, 9 June 2012
DECLARATION ON PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
Moscow has it right when it says that the UN along with the UK were in breach of international laws that are put in place and agreed to in order to prevent armed conflict. If one looks at the U.N charter it is clear that there is no other interpretation for the phrase "Not involving the use of armed force"
Arms dealing must be outlawed internationally, as it is a direct contravention and is not compliant with International laws. Weapons manufacturer's and suppliers are responsible for crime's against peace, crimes against humanity, genocide, human right abuses and violations.
All governments must be brought to book by their people and the LAW for breaking International LAWS.
The Purposes of the United Nations are:
To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace;
The wars with Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya are illegal because they violate the UN Charter, the Treaty for the Renunciation of War and the Rome Statute. Anyone who took part in actions in which civilians were killed is criminally liable for arrest and prosecution for war crimes under the International Criminal Court Act 2001.
The UN Charter
The United Nations is an organization of 193 independent nation states which have promised on behalf of their people to work together to maintain international peace and security and to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war. The UN Charter lays down the binding terms of this agreement in 111 Articles.
2.3 All members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace, security and justice are not endangered.
2.4 All members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations. 1 Chapters VI and VII of the UN Charter (articles 33 – 51) govern the operations of the UN Security Council.
41. The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force2 are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.
42. Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations.
UN General Assembly Resolution 2625
In the 1960s the United Nations, concerned that States were misinterpreting the UN Charter, asked the International Law Commission to tighten the rules so that all States would be clear on their meaning. In 1970 this work came to fruition when the UN General Assembly agreed and published in UNGA Resolution 2625 the Principles to be used in interpreting the Charter.
DECLARATION ON PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW CONCERNING
FRIENDLY RELATIONS AND CO-OPERATION AMONG STATES
IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Amongst its many important principles are the following:
Every State has the duty to refrain in its international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations. Such a threat or use of force constitutes a violation of international law and the Charter of the United Nations and shall never be employed as a means of settling international issues.
No State or group of States has the right to intervene, directly or indirectly, for any reason whatever, in the internal or external affairs of any other State. Consequently, armed intervention and all other forms of interference or attempted threats against the personality of the State or against its political, economic and cultural elements are in violation of international law.
The principles of the Charter which are embodied in this Declaration constitute basic principles of international law, and consequently [the General Assembly] appeals to all States to be guided by these principles in their international conduct and to develop their mutual relations on the basis of the strict observance of these principles.